Everything About Diabetes

October 10, 2019 Manpreet Yomed No Comments

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a persistent condition in which the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin. Insulin plays a vital role in helping the cells of the body to use the glucose that is further broken down into energy. When insulin is not present in an adequate amount or body is incapable of using it effectively, the blood sugar levels rise too high. The role of insulin is to help to keep your blood sugar level from getting too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia).

Types of Diabetes

Three types of diabetes can develop in people :

Type-1 Diabetes

It is an autoimmune disease In this condition, your immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Type-1 diabetes can occur generally in children and teenagers. When you have type-1 diabetes, your body is not able to produce enough insulin. You are mainly dependent on insulin injections every day to manage blood sugar under control.

Type-2 Diabetes

It is a non-insulin dependent diabetes. Your body can make little insulin but not enough or not able to take in insulin effectively.  It typically develops in people with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. Type-2 diabetes can be treated by following a healthy diet, including an exercise regime, and a healthy lifestyle. Older people and middle-aged groups are also at the increased risk of and may develop type-2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

In this diabetic condition, blood sugar levels become high. Some women during pregnancy develop gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes, in most of the cases, get resolves after you gave birth. However, the child and mother are at the risk of developing this diabetes later. 

Complications of Diabetes

People with diabetes should seek assistance from health care professionals as they can help them manage their diabetes well. The risk factors can also be reduced and even prevented or delayed. 

Here are the complications that can come from diabetes. 

  1. Kidney failure or kidney diseases
  2. Retinopathy (Blood vessel damage within the eye). This can cause blindness.
  3. Heart diseases or heart attack.
  4. Eye problems.
  5. Dental diseases.
  6. Neuropathy (nerve damage especially of the hands and feet)
  7. Dementia (a mental ability that affects your everyday functioning).
  8. Pregnancy complications

Gestational diabetes if not controlled, can affect both the mother and baby. Some of the complications for the baby that can arise from gestational diabetes include:

  1. premature birth
  2. higher-than-normal weight at birth
  3. Higher risk of 2 diabetes later
  4. Jaundice
  5. Large baby

Mother can have complications like high blood pressure and type-2 diabetes. 

Symptoms of Diabetes

The symptoms of diabetes differ depending on what your blood sugar levels are. Some people with diabetic conditions such as pre diabetes or type 2 diabetes may not feel symptoms at initial stages.

Here are the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes: 

  1. Increased thirst
  2. Peeing more frequently
  3. Extreme hunger and fatigue
  4. Unexplained weight loss
  5. ketones in the urine 
  6. Irritability
  7. Nausea and vomiting
  8. Slow healing of sores and cuts
  9. Dry mouth and itchy skin
  10. Blurred vision
  11. Slow-healing sores
  12. Gums or skin infections.

Diagnosis of Diabetes


1. Blood Sugar Test

A blood sugar test is an essential medical test to detect diabetes and pre-diabetes. Glucose fasting is a test that measures the level of glucose in your blood. High levels of blood sugar can lead to conditions like diabetes. Therefore, the blood sugar test should be performed annually to ensure you are processing carbs efficiently.

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