October 10, 2019 Manpreet Yomed No Comments
Diabetes is a persistent condition in which the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin. Insulin plays a vital role in helping the cells of the body to use the glucose that is further broken down into energy. When insulin is not present in an adequate amount or body is incapable of using it effectively, the blood sugar levels rise too high. The role of insulin is to help to keep your blood sugar level from getting too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia).
Three types of diabetes can develop in people :
It is an autoimmune disease In this condition, your immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Type-1 diabetes can occur generally in children and teenagers. When you have type-1 diabetes, your body is not able to produce enough insulin. You are mainly dependent on insulin injections every day to manage blood sugar under control.
It is a non-insulin dependent diabetes. Your body can make little insulin but not enough or not able to take in insulin effectively. It typically develops in people with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. Type-2 diabetes can be treated by following a healthy diet, including an exercise regime, and a healthy lifestyle. Older people and middle-aged groups are also at the increased risk of and may develop type-2 diabetes.
In this diabetic condition, blood sugar levels become high. Some women during pregnancy develop gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes, in most of the cases, get resolves after you gave birth. However, the child and mother are at the risk of developing this diabetes later.
People with diabetes should seek assistance from health care professionals as they can help them manage their diabetes well. The risk factors can also be reduced and even prevented or delayed.
Here are the complications that can come from diabetes.
Gestational diabetes if not controlled, can affect both the mother and baby. Some of the complications for the baby that can arise from gestational diabetes include:
Mother can have complications like high blood pressure and type-2 diabetes.
The symptoms of diabetes differ depending on what your blood sugar levels are. Some people with diabetic conditions such as pre diabetes or type 2 diabetes may not feel symptoms at initial stages.
Here are the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
A blood sugar test is an essential medical test to detect diabetes and pre-diabetes. Glucose fasting is a test that measures the level of glucose in your blood. High levels of blood sugar can lead to conditions like diabetes. Therefore, the blood sugar test should be performed annually to ensure you are processing carbs efficiently.